320 Sixth Street, Sioux City, IA 51101
Judge C.J. Williams’ Information and Preferences
1. If I need to communicate with the court, how should I proceed?
Judge Williams accepts all forms of communications at the addresses and numbers shown above. When emailing Judge Williams, copy in his judicial assistant. Counsel of record and any unrepresented parties (unless the message is a legally and ethically permissible ex parte communication) should also be included in any email to Judge Williams’ chamber.
2. How can I determine the status of a pending motion?
Contact Judge Williams’ judicial assistant by telephone or email.
3. If I need a trial or hearing continued, whom should I contact, and do I need to file a written motion?
If the request is on short notice and urgent, call Judge Williams’ judicial assistant and try to simultaneously file a written motion; otherwise, you should file a written motion.
4. If I need to have a motion set for hearing or oral arguments, what procedure should I follow?
Pursuant to Local Rule 7(c), a motion will be decided without oral argument unless the court orders otherwise. If you believe an evidentiary hearing or oral arguments is necessary or would be beneficial to the court, you may request a hearing. A request for oral argument must be noted separately in both the caption and the conclusion of the motion or resistance to the motion, and must be supported by a showing of good cause. The request should also note whether the party seeks to present testimony at the hearing, or whether the hearing would be limited to argument by counsel.
5. How can I get an expedited ruling or hearing?
For any matter on which an expedited ruling or hearing is necessary, you should follow Local Rule 7(j) which states, in part:
If expedited relief is requested in a pleading or motion, the caption of the document must include a clear indication that expedited relief is being requested. At the time such a pleading or motion is filed, counsel must alert the assigned federal judge immediately that the pleading or motion has been filed and that expedited relief is being requested.
To comply with this rule, you should send an email message to Judge Williams and his judicial assistant with a copy of the pleading or motion at issue. To schedule an expedited hearing, call you should call Judge Williams’ judicial assistant.
6. What do I have to do to get a settlement conference scheduled? Who will conduct the settlement conference? What are the requirements?
The court’s primary ADR procedure is private mediation. See Local Rule 16.2(a). In addition, Judge Williams disfavors judicial involvement in the settlement process. Thus, the parties are encouraged to arrange for private mediation if they believe it would be beneficial to involve a neutral party in their settlement negotiations. Having said all of this, the parties do have the option of requesting a settlement conference, which would be conducted by a United States Magistrate Judge. Barring extraordinary circumstances, the court will agree to conduct such a conference only if all parties agree to participate. To explore this opportunity, the parties should contact the chambers of the United States Magistrate Judge to whom the case has been referred. If the court agrees to conduct a settlement conference, the requirements for participation will be described in the order scheduling that conference.
7. How do I get a trial date? Are trial dates firm?
Generally, each case will be assigned a firm trial date shortly after the scheduling order is filed. If, for some reason, a trial date is not assigned to a case, or if the trial is continued and no new date has been set, you should contact Judge Williams’ judicial assistant.
8. Are there any special procedures for marking trial or hearing exhibits?
Yes. Those procedures are set out in the trial setting order.
9. Is there anything particular that I should or should not do when I file a motion?
You should comply with Local Rules 7, 15, 37, 56 and Local Criminal Rule 47 that deal generally or specifically with particular motions. Take note that the court strictly enforces the rules that require communications with opposing counsel in advance of filing most types of motions. See Local Rules 7(l) and 37(a). A motion that fails to comply with those rules will almost surely be denied.
With regard to motions for summary judgment, counsel should review Local Rule 56 carefully and comply with all applicable requirements. While they may seem technical and/or unnecessary, compliance is extremely usefully to the court in highlighting the issues and expediting the court’s consideration of summary judgment motions. Noncompliance may result in adverse consequences. Parties should take particular care to follow the directions set forth in Local Rule 56(e), concerning summary judgment appendices. As the rule explains, appendices should be page-numbered sequentially, like an appellate appendix, and citations to an appendix should be to the appropriate appendix page number(s). Page references to the appendix should not be to CM-ECF page numbers.
With regard to discovery motions in civil cases, counsel are required to meet and confer (on person or on the telephone; email exchanges are insufficient) in a good faith effort to resolve the dispute. See Local Rule 37. Failing resolution of the dispute by the parties, and prior to filing a motion regarding a discovery, the parties must contact Judge Williams’ chambers to request a telephone conference call to discuss the dispute. Judge Williams will set aside time to discuss the issue with counsel. If the matter still cannot be resolved, then the complaining party may file the discovery-related motion.
10. How does the court view motions to reconsider?
A motion to reconsider should be reserved for situations in which it is obvious that either an error or a significant new development has occurred. For example, if an order indicates that a motion was unresisted, when a timely resistance had been filed, it would be appropriate to file a motion to reconsider to give the court the opportunity to correct the error. Likewise, if new binding authority is issued soon after an order is filed, and that authority appears to affect the court’s analysis, a motion to reconsider the order would be expected. However, a motion to reconsider that simply repeats previously-advanced arguments is likely to be denied without explanation. In any event, Judge Williams will review any motion to reconsider and give it due consideration. It is important to note, however, that the rules of procedure make no specific provision for a motion to reconsider. Parties should be careful that they do not waive any jurisdictional time requirements by waiting for a ruling on a motion to reconsider.
11. What trial schedule is generally used?
On the first day of a jury trial, Judge Williams follows a traditional schedule. Trial commences at 9:00 am and ends at 5:00 pm, with a lunch break, a short morning recess and a short afternoon recess. All other trial days will begin at 8:30 am and end at 2:30 pm, with no lunch break but with two twenty-minute recesses, one in the morning and one early in the afternoon. Any requests for modifications to this schedule should be made no later than the final pretrial conference.
12. What is the court’s view on sidebars?
Judge Williams strongly discourages sidebars. Counsel should work with the court to anticipate issues and problems that might arise in trial and resolve them either before the trial day starts, at the conclusion of the trial day, or during breaks. Sidebars are reserved for the most unusual emergency type problems that may arise during trial.
13. How does the court want jury instructions submitted?
Please refer to the trial setting order.
14. Does the court use preliminary jury instructions?
Judge Williams typically gives nearly all instructions to the jury (including instructions concerning elements and damages) before opening statements, with only a few instructions (such as instructions about deliberations) reserved until the end of the case.
15. Will the court conduct voir dire itself or will counsel be allowed to participate?
Judge Williams will conduct a preliminary voir dire to introduce the case and cover the basic, traditional issues that bear on the prospective jurors’ qualifications to serve. In a typical case, this will take approximately 30 minutes. Each party will then be permitted an additional 30 minutes to conduct additional voir dire. More time may be allowed when there is good cause and a specific request is made. Judge Williams’ Voir Dire Instructions are referenced in his trial setting orders.
16. Are there any special requirements for the conduct of attorneys during trials or hearings?
Judge Williams expects all attorneys to be well-prepared, well-organized, and act in a courteous and professional manner. Attorneys must be in the courtroom and ready to proceed at the scheduling starting time. Attorneys (and their clients) are free to have bottled water at counsel table.
Attorneys may stand or sit when addressing the court or examining witnesses. However, attorneys should stand when addressing the jury. In addition, because all proceedings in the courtroom are recorded digitally, either in lieu of or in addition to being reported by a certified court report, all attorneys and witnesses must be near a microphone when speaking. Microphones are located at counsel table, the witness stand and the lectern. Portable wireless microphones are also available if, for example, an attorney wishes to make an opening statement or closing argument without standing at the lectern.
During opening statements and closing arguments, counsel are free to move within the well of the courtroom and are not restricted to a lectern. Counsel should be cognizant of the jurors’ perception of personal space and not get too close to the jury box. In any event, counsel shall not touch or lean on the jury box during opening statements or closing arguments.
An attorney should ask permission before approaching the witness with an exhibit. Depending on the nature of the proceeding, the court may advise counsel that it is no longer necessary to ask permission each time. After an attorney has finished asking questions of a witness concerning an exhibit, he or she should immediately return to counsel table. Attorneys will not be permitted to act in a manner that might physically intimidate a witness during questioning.
A party intending to use a deposition during a trial should carefully follow the procedures set out in the trial setting order.
The courtrooms in this district are equipped with technology, including evidence presentation hardware and software, equipment for presentation of audio and video evidence in various formats and connections for an attorney’s own presentation technology. Any attorney intending to utilize the court’s technology should become familiar with the operation of the equipment before trial or a hearing. You may contact the IT personnel for the Court’s (Amanda Hughes, at 712-233-3845; or Chris Lewis, at 712-233-3848) to request a training session on courtroom technology or to test connectivity with your own hardware or software. Parties are expected to be familiar with the operation of all applicable technology before the proceeding begins. Judge Williams will not permit significant delays caused by a failure to test, or obtain training about, technology.